The following is a list of useful online resources encompassing all aspects of the project from built heritage to geology. We will be significantly updating and adding to this over the coming weeks and with a comprehensive list of paper and archive resources too. If you know of any priceless online sources, be it census data or a brilliant web map do get in touch.


Looking at Buildings – a good site for explaining architectural and historical terms with sections on styles of building, types of building and a detailed glossary.

Heritage Gateway – search the Historic Environment Records by time, type, location or keywords. You can also choose to search in specific HERs only.

Gatehouse – incredibly detailed and exhaustive gazetteer and bibliography of medieval castles, fortifications and palaces in the UK.

British Listed Buildings – online database of all listed buildings and structures. Can be easier to use than Heritage Gateway, you can also view the location on a map, and, where possible, see it in Google Streetview.

The Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture– An electronic archive of romanesque sculpture and buildings in Britain with descriptions, photographs and church plans where available. . Can be browsed by county or searched by location or type. Good for researching churches

Geology and Quarries

Cribsheet for Building Stones – this is a table summarising the key information for the most common stone types used in Herefordshire and Worcestershire.

Earth Heritage Trust – a lot of information available on the geological succesions in Herefordshire and Worcestershire

Geology of the UK – a simplified geological map and timescale by Keele University

Strategic Stone Study – a representative but incomplete database of stone buildings, quarries and building stones for the whole UK. Locations of buildings and quarries can be queried on a web map or there are atlases available for each county.

Sand Atlas – a very good reference for rock types and minerals explained in brief plain term.

Rock Library (Imperial College London) – goes a bit more in depth than the above with resources to identify rock and minerals via a series of questions, tutorials on various aspects of geology and mineralogy and an excellent glossary.

British Slate Forum – a good set of articles on the geology and industry of Welsh, Scottish and Cornish Slate.

Penarth Alabaster – Book by Michael Statham about the South Wales alabaster quarries and it’s uses in high status building across Wales and England including the Midlands. The book is available for free as a PDF file.

Cradley Stone – a report on the geology, quarry and quarry-men of Cradley Stone at the Ridgeway Cross Quarry.

Malvern Hills Narrow Gauge Railway – an article on the railways used to transport quarried material (mainly aggregate) out of the Malvern Hills quarries in the early 20th centenary. This article has lots of information on the quarry operations and charming black and white photos.

Hollybush Sandstone and Arden Sandstone – a technical report from John Payne, comparing the Hollybush and Arden Sandstones from the Hollybush Church.

Malvern Hills Building Stones –  A poster researched by Building Stones team members based on a multi-disciplinary study combining historic maps, fieldwork, archival sources and thin section petrology, revealing changing patterns of stone use with time.

Goodrich – an illustrated and informative report on the history of stone use in Goodrich, Heredfordshire. And a summary of the stone type in Goodrich is found here.


Where’s The Path – our favourite web map extravaganza with side by side aerial photos and ordnance survey maps and options to show geology, old OS map, and more.

British Geological Survey – the best for viewing geology online, click on any part of the map to get an explanation of the bedrock and deposits at that point.

Historic Geological Maps – again from the BGS, scans of the 1:63,360 Old Series geological maps searchable and viewable online.

1940s Ordnance Survey Maps – a web map viewer with good coverage of 1940s-1950s ordnance survey maps.

1781 Map of Worcester city parish – this map was found in The Hive Library by our archive researcher

1651 Vaughan map of Worcester –  this old map of Worcester was discovered by a Building Stones volunteer through archive research in The Hive.

Old photos and Social History

Geograph – a very good source for recent photos searchable by grid reference or keywords.

Domesday Reloaded –  the recently published results of a 1986 BBC project to record a snapshot of everyday life across the UK. Features photos and short written memoirs that can be searched by content and location. Not very user friendly but a lot of information to be had. Look for ‘Search the Domesday Site’ and check the box marked content to find photos and articles.

Old UK Photos – a great source to look for old photos of towns. Coverage isn’t universal but there are a good number of photos of most towns.

FreeCEN – an ongoing project to digitise 1841-1891 census data and make it freely available online, Herefordshire only and quite incomplete.

Quarrymen of Bromsgrove and surrounding area – a collection of people involved in the quarrying industry, discovered by a Building Stones volunteer through archival research.

The Human Cost of Getting Stone – this is a report, written by a Building Stones project volunteer, about the employment and safety in quarries in Herefordshire and Worcestershire between 1894 and 1914.

Herefordshire Stone Masons – a collated list of skilled stone masons working in Herefordshire in the 19th century. These names were listed in Pigot’s Directory.

Croome Court – casual disbursements and the calculated equivalent modern costs of labour.

The Builder Magazine – is a periodical with article and advertisements relating to quarrying, masonry, building, and the people and firms involved. We have clippings for the following years: 1856, 1858, 1895, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1906, 1908, 1911, 1912, 1917.

City of Hereford Poll– An alphabetical list of the poll for the City of Hereford at the General Election in 1818, showing names and occupations of voters.


Wikipedia – Increasingly reliable and very good for some subjects. In general content is accurate but incomplete.

Google – when in doubt, bite the bullet and google it.



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