Sandstone

Hollybush Sandstone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:00 am

Cambrian age, dark green, flaggy, micaceous sandstone with abundant chlorite and glauconite. Only known use for building is in Hollybush Church. Browse sites on the database using Hollybush Sandstone

Old Red Sandstone

The Old Red Sandstone is a large group of rocks of late Silurian and Devonian age. They were formed in a semi-arid desert environment which has given them their conspicuous red colouring through the intense weathering of iron-bearing minerals. Nevertheless, they are highly variable in outcrop with red, green, purple or brown colourings, coexisting in […]

Brown Downton Castle Sandstone with red Raglan Mudstone quoins, Mordiford Church

Downton Castle Sandstone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:00 am

Thinly bedded yellow-brown or buff micaceous fine-grained sandstone with interbedded brown-grey siltstone and mudstone. The narrow bedding make the sandstone bands an excellent tilestone and, where the beds are thickest, freestone. In the Mortimer Forest and other areas west of Ludlow, the Downton Castle Sandstone was an important dimension stone for lintels or more important […]

Close up of liesegang rings on bedding surface of Gorsley Stone

Gorsley Stone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:00 am

Local variety of Downton Castle Sandstone quarried from Linton Quarry and other smaller working in Gorsley, SE Herefordshire. The historic buildings of Gorsley village are almost all built from this stone. In comparison to varieties elsewhere in the county the Gorsley Stone has less of a greenish tinge and is marked by an attractive pale […]

Berrington Hall - brown sandstone from the Raglan Mudstone, most likely quarried on Shuttocks Hill

Raglan Mudstone

Most of the Raglan Mudstone Formation, which underlies the central plain of Herefordshire, consists of red, purple and green mudstones but beds of sandstone occur too and have been widely used for building stone. Sandstones tend to be micaceous and flaggy with multiple colours in a single bed. More unusually, on Bringsty Common a coarse […]

Very coarse grained sandstone block in wall of Withington Church

Withington Stone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:08 am

A pale grey to pink and buff coloured sandstone from a bed within the Raglan Mudstone. A medium to coarse grained (unusually coarse in comparison with much of the formation), current bedded sandstone with thin layers of granules (clasts between sand and pebble grade; about 2-4mm diameter) and small pebbles of yellowy quartzite in it. […]

St Maughans Sandstone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:11 am

Lying stratigraphically above the Bishops Frome Limestone is the Early Devonian St Maughans Formation. This unit underlies the Bromyard Plateau of northeastern Herefordshire, the tops of the ‘cornstone’ hills to the north-west of Hereford, the area to the west of the Golden Valley (and extending up onto the flanks of the Black Mountains), and a […]

Close-up of Cradley Stone ashlar

Cradley Stone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:02 am

A green-grey variety of St Maughans Sandstone quarried in the Ridgeway Cross area and used extensively in Malvern. It can be difficult to distinguish from the Halesowen Formation which is also occasionally used in the area. Cradley Stone lacks the iron nodules sometimes seen in Carboniferous Sandstones. Browse sites on the database using Cradley Stone […]

te quarters, Goodrich Castle

Brownstone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:01 am

Medium to coarse sandstones occasionally with layers of quartz pebbles which outcrops most of the South-east corner of Herefordshire. Compared to the underlying Raglan Mudstone and St Maughans Formations the Brownstones are both more dominated by sandstones and more uniform in appearance. Deep brown or even purple coloured, the occurrence of bands and spots of […]

Ross Stone (Brownstones Formation) - Royal Hotel, Ross-on-Wye

Ross Stone

January 1, 201312:00 pmMay 26, 2016 9:02 am

Quarried from the river cliff at Ross-on-Wye, ‘Ross Stone’ is a soft, deep chocolate brown-coloured, medium-grained sandstone from the Brownstones Formation. Green-grey reduction spots and stripes in the rock are very common and pebbles of quartz or mud intraclasts are often present. The sandstone is used extensively in the older buildings of Ross-on-Wye, as well […]