The Teme Valley
The River Teme winds its way through the landscape between Knightwick and Stanford villages. The lower land of the Teme Valley comprises soft Silurian mudstones and some sandstones from the Raglan Mudstone Formation. During the last Ice Age, material dropped by passing glaciers forced a number of rivers to redirect their courses. The River Teme cut its new course along the western side of the hills exploiting the softer mudstones and sandstones between the harder limestone units of the area.
This beautiful countryside yields good building stone, which is seen in the churches along the valley and on the higher ground to the west, where a significant scarp slope can be seen. This marks the occurrence of the Bishop’s Frome Limestone. Whilst only a few metres thick at best it, the tufa which forms on its surface and which can be freely carved, has been used as a local building stone. It can be seen to great effect in Shelsley Walsh, Clifton Upon Teme and Eastham churches as well as in local houses and walls. But its importance is best portrayed in its use for fonts and decorative work.