Kington

Kington is an historic small market town on the English/Welsh border. The town is also on a geological boundary, with a transition from east to west from red Silurian mudstones to harder Silurian limestone and siltstones. On the streets of the town, the building stone is often obscured by rendering on the frontages, but it is often more visible down the side of buildings. The town also marks the western edge of the traditional Herefordshire Black and White villages. Despite this name, there is a notable use of stone in these villages, often in the churches and as plinths on which the timber‐framed buildings stand.

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    Wenlock Limestone

    Pale grey nodular or thinly bedded limestones. In character it varies markedly across the region. Examples from the Malvern Axis hills (Abberley, Suckley etc.), Ledbury and Woolhope Dome can be spectacularly fossiliferous, corresponding to reef bodies. During the Silurian water depth deepened towards open ocean to the west and around Ludlow the Wenlock limestone is […]

  • Aymestry Limestone, Gatley Park Folly, Leinthall Earls

    Aymestry Limestone

    Blue-grey, hard, nodular argillaceous limestone. The presence of the strongly ribbed brachiopod Kirkidium knightii is diagnostic for this formation. Widely used in the Mortimer Forest, Woolhope Dome, Suckley Hills and Ledbury areas. The character of the formation, like most of the Silurian strata, can vary markedly between a massive limestone suitable for dimension stone to […]

  • Close-up of Ludlow Shales in Bank House, Leintwardine (copyright Scenesetters)

    Ludlow Shales

    Olive-blue-grey calcareous siltstones, silty mudstones and mudstones. From a building-stone perspective a classification for the Silurian strata based on rock type is most appropriate, not least because the best building stone yielded by this ‘series’ – the Aymestry Limestone – is diachronous and, in the north-west part of Herefordshire, tends to be variable in its […]

  • Brown Downton Castle Sandstone with red Raglan Mudstone quoins, Mordiford Church

    Downton Castle Sandstone

    Thinly bedded yellow-brown or buff micaceous fine-grained sandstone with interbedded brown-grey siltstone and mudstone. The narrow bedding make the sandstone bands an excellent tilestone and, where the beds are thickest, freestone. In the Mortimer Forest and other areas west of Ludlow, the Downton Castle Sandstone was an important dimension stone for lintels or more important […]

  • Close up of liesegang rings on bedding surface of Gorsley Stone

    Gorsley Stone

    Local variety of Downton Castle Sandstone quarried from Linton Quarry and other smaller working in Gorsley, SE Herefordshire. The historic buildings of Gorsley village are almost all built from this stone. In comparison to varieties elsewhere in the county the Gorsley Stone has less of a greenish tinge and is marked by an attractive pale […]