Goodrich & Welsh Bicknor
In south-east Herefordshire on the south banks of the River Wye lie Goodrich parish and Welsh Bicknor hamlet. The topography of the area is striking, reflecting both the underling geology and the erosional forces of the River Wye. Nestling on this sculpted landscape, with perfect defensive positioning, is the impressive Goodrich Castle. Like much of Goodrich village, the castle is predominately made of red sandstone, though there are variances within the castle.
Between Goodrich Castle and the River Wye lies an assortment of different stone buildings, including bridges, cottages, stone huts and a limekiln. Upon reaching the river, not only does the landscape dramatically change but so does the geology of the dominant building stone which can be seen. By the river there is a youth hostel; a church; the ruins of a building, which include a millstone; and an estate boundary wall; all of which are stone built. Unlike the red sandstones so typical of the buildings above the Wye, in Goodrich, the building stones used down by the river are limestones and light coloured sandstones. This change in stone may be attributed to the transport routes offered by the river and the former railway line that runs through the hill between Goodrich and Welsh Bicknor. In addition, not far from the east side of the river’s edge lies the geological boundary between the Devonian Old Red Sandstones and the limestones and sandstones of Carboniferous age.